# KelvinBer

KelvinBer[z]

gives the Kelvin function .

KelvinBer[n,z]

gives the Kelvin function .

# Details

• Mathematical function, suitable for both symbolic and numerical manipulation.
• For positive real values of parameters, . For other values, is defined by analytic continuation.
• KelvinBer[n,z] has a branch cut discontinuity in the complex z plane running from to .
• KelvinBer[z] is equivalent to KelvinBer[0,z].
• For certain special arguments, KelvinBer automatically evaluates to exact values.
• KelvinBer can be evaluated to arbitrary numerical precision.
• KelvinBer automatically threads over lists.

# Examples

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## Basic Examples(6)

Evaluate numerically:

Plot over a subset of the reals:

Plot over a subset of the complexes:

Series expansion at the origin:

Series expansion at Infinity:

Series expansion at a singular point:

## Scope(38)

### Numerical Evaluation(6)

Evaluate numerically:

Evaluate to high precision:

The precision of the output tracks the precision of the input:

Complex number inputs:

Evaluate efficiently at high precision:

Compute average case statistical intervals using Around:

Compute the elementwise values of an array:

Or compute the matrix KelvinBer function using MatrixFunction:

### Specific Values(3)

Values at zero:

Find the first positive minimum of KelvinBer[0,x]:

For half-integer orders, KelvinBer evaluates to elementary functions:

### Visualization(3)

Plot the KelvinBer function for integer () and half-integer () orders:

Plot the real part of :

Plot the imaginary part of :

Plot the real part of :

Plot the imaginary part of :

### Function Properties(13)

The real domain of :

The complex domain of :

is defined for all real values greater than 0:

The complex domain is the whole plane except :

Approximate function range of :

Approximate function range of :

is an even function:

is an odd function:

is an analytic function of :

KelvinBer is neither non-decreasing nor non-increasing:

KelvinBer is not injective:

KelvinBer is neither non-negative nor non-positive:

has singularities or discontinuities in the non-positive reals when is not an integer:

KelvinBer is neither convex nor concave:

### Differentiation(3)

The first derivative with respect to z:

The first derivative with respect to z when n=1:

Higher derivatives with respect to z:

Plot the higher derivatives with respect to z:

Formula for the derivative with respect to z:

### Integration(3)

Compute the indefinite integral using Integrate:

Verify the anti-derivative:

The definite integral:

More integrals:

### Series Expansions(5)

Find the Taylor expansion using Series:

Plots of the first three approximations around :

The general term in the series expansion using SeriesCoefficient:

Find the series expansion at Infinity:

Find the series expansion for an arbitrary symbolic direction :

The Taylor expansion at a generic point:

### Function Identities and Simplifications(2)

Functional identity:

Recurrence relations:

## Generalizations & Extensions(1)

KelvinBer can be applied to a power series:

## Applications(3)

Solve the Kelvin differential equation:

Plot the resistance of a wire with circular cross section versus AC frequency (skin effect):

This MeijerG is simplified to KelvinBei and KelvinBer functions:

## Properties & Relations(4)

Use FullSimplify to simplify expressions involving Kelvin functions:

Use FunctionExpand to expand Kelvin functions of half-integer orders:

Integrate expressions involving Kelvin functions:

KelvinBer can be represented in terms of MeijerG:

## Possible Issues(1)

The oneargument form evaluates to the two-argument form:

Wolfram Research (2007), KelvinBer, Wolfram Language function, https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/KelvinBer.html.

#### Text

Wolfram Research (2007), KelvinBer, Wolfram Language function, https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/KelvinBer.html.

#### CMS

Wolfram Language. 2007. "KelvinBer." Wolfram Language & System Documentation Center. Wolfram Research. https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/KelvinBer.html.

#### APA

Wolfram Language. (2007). KelvinBer. Wolfram Language & System Documentation Center. Retrieved from https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/KelvinBer.html

#### BibTeX

@misc{reference.wolfram_2024_kelvinber, author="Wolfram Research", title="{KelvinBer}", year="2007", howpublished="\url{https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/KelvinBer.html}", note=[Accessed: 04-August-2024 ]}

#### BibLaTeX

@online{reference.wolfram_2024_kelvinber, organization={Wolfram Research}, title={KelvinBer}, year={2007}, url={https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/KelvinBer.html}, note=[Accessed: 04-August-2024 ]}