For general access to the Wolfram Knowledgebase, use entities of type Mineral instead of MineralData.


gives the value of the specified property for the mineral entity.


gives a list of property values for the specified mineral entities.


gives the specified annotation associated with the given property.


  • MineralData[] gives a list of all mineral entities.
  • MineralData["Properties"] gives a list of available properties.
  • The specified entity in MineralData can be an Entity, EntityClass, entity canonical name, or list thereof.
  • The specified property can be an EntityProperty, EntityPropertyClass, property canonical name, or list of properties.
  • Properties that do not apply or are not known in a particular case are indicated by Missing[].
  • Properties include:
  • "2V"2V angle
    "AlternateNames"alternate names
    "CrystalSystem"crystal system
    "DanaID"Dana ID
    "DiscoveryYear"discovery year
    "Hardness"Mohs hardness
    "ICSDNumber"ICSD number
    "IMAApprovalYear"IMA approval/preIMA valid species
    "IMANumber"IMA number
    "MolecularWeight"molecular weight
    "MSHNumber"MSH number
    "RefractiveIndices"refractive indices
    "StrunzID"Strunz ID
    "UnitCellAngles"unit cell angles
    "UnitCellLengths"unit cell lengths
    "UnitCellVolume"unit cell volume
    "Z"molecules per unit cell
  • Some properties are available for MineralData as a whole and can be given using the form MineralData[property]. Such properties include:
  • "Entities"all available entities
    "EntityCount"total number of available entities
    "Classes"all available entity classes
    "EntityClassCount"total number of available entity classes
    "SampleEntities"list of sample entities
    "SampleEntityClasses"list of sample entity classes
    "EntityCanonicalNames"list of all entity canonical names
    "PropertyCanonicalNames"list of all property canonical names
    "EntityClassCanonicalNames"list of all entity class canonical names
    "RandomEntities"pseudorandom sample entities
    {"RandomEntities",n}n pseudorandom entities
    "RandomEntityClasses"pseudorandom sample entity classes
    {"RandomEntityClasses",n}n pseudorandom entity classes
  • The following annotations can be used in the third argument of MineralData[entity,property,annotation]:
  • "Qualifiers"the list of possible qualifiers for the property
    "QualifierValues"the list of possible values that can be given to each qualifier
    "DefaultQualifierValues"the list of default values for the property's qualifiers
    "Description"a brief textual description of the property
    "Definition"a detailed textual definition of the property
    "Source"source information for the property
    "Date"the date associated with the entity-property value (if any)
    "PhysicalQuantity"the physical quantity associated with the entity-property value
    "Unit"the unit associated with the entity-property value
    "EntityAssociation"an association of entities and entity-property values
    "PropertyAssociation"an association of properties and entity-property values
  • If a function is provided as an annotation, it will be used to aggregate the result data. Typical aggregation functions include:
  • Minthe minimum value
    Maxthe maximum value
    Meanthe mean value
    Commonestthe most frequently occurring value
    Medianthe median value
    Totalreturns the total
    Lengththe number of elements


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Basic Examples  (4)

Use for entity discovery:

Use for property discovery:

Find properties of a mineral:

Compare density of sample minerals:

Neat Examples  (1)

Make a ListPlot of density versus unit cell volume for vanadates:

Wolfram Research (2014), MineralData, Wolfram Language function, https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/MineralData.html.


Wolfram Research (2014), MineralData, Wolfram Language function, https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/MineralData.html.


Wolfram Language. 2014. "MineralData." Wolfram Language & System Documentation Center. Wolfram Research. https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/MineralData.html.


Wolfram Language. (2014). MineralData. Wolfram Language & System Documentation Center. Retrieved from https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/MineralData.html


@misc{reference.wolfram_2024_mineraldata, author="Wolfram Research", title="{MineralData}", year="2014", howpublished="\url{https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/MineralData.html}", note=[Accessed: 20-July-2024 ]}


@online{reference.wolfram_2024_mineraldata, organization={Wolfram Research}, title={MineralData}, year={2014}, url={https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/MineralData.html}, note=[Accessed: 20-July-2024 ]}