ReadString

ReadString["file"]

reads the complete contents of a file and returns it as a string.

ReadString[stream]

reads everything from a stream and returns it as a string.

ReadString[proc]

reads everything generated by an external process and returns it as a string.

ReadString[src,term]

reads until the terminator term is encountered.

Details and Options

  • ReadString[File["file"],] is also supported.
  • ReadString["file",] and ReadString[File["file",] will first open "file" for reading if it is not already open. The file will be left open unless the default terminator, EndOfFile, is used.
  • ReadString is a blocking function that by default will not return until it has read whatever it is specified to read.
  • With the option setting TimeConstraint->t, ReadString waits at most t seconds, then returns whatever it has read by that time.
  • The terminator term can be any of the following:
  • "string"literal string
    pattstring pattern
    EndOfBufferend of the buffer of available content
    EndOfFileend of the source of content (default)
  • ReadString[src] or ReadString[src,EndOfFile] reads until a stream has ended or the external process providing input has terminated.
  • If ReadString is called on a source of content that has already been exhausted, it returns EndOfFile.
  • ReadString[src,EndOfBuffer] does not block and returns whatever is already available in the input buffer.

Examples

open allclose all

Basic Examples  (2)

Read a complete file into a string:

Start the system shell process:

Write two commands into the system shell process:

Read the system shell output without blocking:

Scope  (5)

Read the first paragraph of a File object:

Start the system shell process:

Write two commands into the system shell process, then exit it:

Return the full shell process output once it has finished running:

Start the system shell process:

Write some commands into the shell process:

Read the shell process output right until the terminator is found:

Start the system shell process:

Write some commands into the shell process:

Read the process output until a given string pattern is found:

Start the system shell process:

Start the Wolfram Language from the shell:

Read the Wolfram Language output:

Enter a computation to perform:

Quit the kernel:

Quit the system shell:

Read all remaining output into a string:

Wolfram Research (2014), ReadString, Wolfram Language function, https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/ReadString.html (updated 2016).

Text

Wolfram Research (2014), ReadString, Wolfram Language function, https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/ReadString.html (updated 2016).

BibTeX

@misc{reference.wolfram_2020_readstring, author="Wolfram Research", title="{ReadString}", year="2016", howpublished="\url{https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/ReadString.html}", note=[Accessed: 21-April-2021 ]}

BibLaTeX

@online{reference.wolfram_2020_readstring, organization={Wolfram Research}, title={ReadString}, year={2016}, url={https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/ReadString.html}, note=[Accessed: 21-April-2021 ]}

CMS

Wolfram Language. 2014. "ReadString." Wolfram Language & System Documentation Center. Wolfram Research. Last Modified 2016. https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/ReadString.html.

APA

Wolfram Language. (2014). ReadString. Wolfram Language & System Documentation Center. Retrieved from https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/ReadString.html