tests whether data follows a MultinormalDistribution using the Mardia skewness test.


returns the value of "property".

Details and Options

  • MardiaSkewnessTest performs the Mardia skewness goodness-of-fit test with null hypothesis that data was drawn from a MultinormalDistribution and alternative hypothesis that it was not.
  • By default, a probability value or -value is returned.
  • A small -value suggests that it is unlikely that the data is normally distributed.
  • The data can be univariate {x1,x2,} or multivariate {{x1,y1,},{x2,y2,},}.
  • The Mardia skewness test effectively compares a multivariate measure of skewness for data to a MultinormalDistribution.
  • MardiaSkewnessTest[data,dist,"HypothesisTestData"] returns a HypothesisTestData object htd that can be used to extract additional test results and properties using the form htd["property"].
  • MardiaSkewnessTest[data,dist,"property"] can be used to directly give the value of "property".
  • Properties related to the reporting of test results include:
  • "DegreesOfFreedom"the degrees of freedom used in a test
    "PValueTable"formatted version of "PValue"
    "ShortTestConclusion"a short description of the conclusion of a test
    "TestConclusion"a description of the conclusion of a test
    "TestData"test statistic and -value
    "TestDataTable"formatted version of "TestData"
    "TestStatistic"test statistic
    "TestStatisticTable"formatted "TestStatistic"
  • The following properties are independent of which test is being performed.
  • Properties related to the data distribution include:
  • "FittedDistribution"fitted distribution of data
    "FittedDistributionParameters"distribution parameters of data
  • The following options can be given:
  • MethodAutomaticthe method to use for computing -values
    SignificanceLevel0.05cutoff for diagnostics and reporting
  • For a test for goodness-of-fit, a cutoff is chosen such that is rejected only if . The value of used for the "TestConclusion" and "ShortTestConclusion" properties is controlled by the SignificanceLevel option. By default, is set to 0.05.
  • The following methods can be used to compute -values:
  • Automaticcorrect for small samples up to dimension 5
    "Asymptotic"use the asymptotic distribution of the test statistic
    "MonteCarlo"use Monte Carlo simulation
  • With the setting Method-> "MonteCarlo", datasets of the same length as the input are generated under using the fitted distribution. The EmpiricalDistribution from MardiaSkewnessTest[si,"TestStatistic"] is then used to estimate the -value.


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Basic Examples  (3)

Perform a test for multivariate normality:

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Click for copyable input

Extract the test statistic from the Mardia skewness test:

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Click for copyable input

Obtain a formatted test table:

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Click for copyable input

Scope  (6)

Options  (4)

Applications  (2)

Properties & Relations  (4)

Possible Issues  (1)

Neat Examples  (1)

Introduced in 2010