tests whether data is normally distributed.


tests whether data is distributed according to dist.


returns the value of "property".

Details and Options

  • DistributionFitTest performs a goodness-of-fit hypothesis test with null hypothesis that data was drawn from a population with distribution dist and alternative hypothesis that it was not.
  • By default, a probability value or -value is returned.
  • A small -value suggests that it is unlikely that the data came from dist.
  • The dist can be any symbolic distribution with numeric and symbolic parameters or a dataset.
  • The data can be univariate {x1,x2,} or multivariate {{x1,y1,},{x2,y2,},}.
  • DistributionFitTest[data,dist,Automatic] will choose the most powerful test that applies to data and dist for a general alternative hypothesis.
  • DistributionFitTest[data,dist,All] will choose all tests that apply to data and dist.
  • DistributionFitTest[data,dist,"test"] reports the -value according to "test".
  • Many of the tests use the CDF of the test distribution dist and the empirical CDF of the data as well as their difference and =Expectation[d(x),]. The CDFs and should be the same under the null hypothesis .
  • The following tests can be used for univariate or multivariate distributions:
  • "AndersonDarling"distribution, databased on Expectation[]
    "CramerVonMises"distribution, databased on Expectation[d(x)2]
    "JarqueBeraALM"normalitybased on skewness and kurtosis
    "KolmogorovSmirnov"distribution, databased on sup_x TemplateBox[{{d, (, x, )}}, Abs]
    "Kuiper"distribution, databased on
    "PearsonChiSquare"distribution, databased on expected and observed histogram
    "ShapiroWilk"normalitybased on quantiles
    "WatsonUSquare"distribution, databased on Expectation[(d(x))2]
  • The following tests can be used for multivariate distributions:
  • "BaringhausHenze"normalitybased on empirical characteristic function
    "DistanceToBoundary"uniformitybased on distance to uniform boundaries
    "MardiaCombined"normalitycombined Mardia skewness and kurtosis
    "MardiaKurtosis"normalitybased on multivariate kurtosis
    "MardiaSkewness"normalitybased on multivariate skewness
    "SzekelyEnergy"databased on Newton's potential energy
  • DistributionFitTest[data,dist,"property"] can be used to directly give the value of "property".
  • Properties related to the reporting of test results include:
  • "AllTests"list of all applicable tests
    "AutomaticTest"test chosen if Automatic is used
    "DegreesOfFreedom"the degrees of freedom used in a test
    "PValue"list of -values
    "PValueTable"formatted table of -values
    "ShortTestConclusion"a short description of the conclusion of a test
    "TestConclusion"a description of the conclusion of a test
    "TestData"list of pairs of test statistics and -values
    "TestDataTable"formatted table of -values and test statistics
    "TestStatistic"list of test statistics
    "TestStatisticTable"formatted table of test statistics
    "HypothesisTestData"returns a HypothesisTestData object
  • DistributionFitTest[data,dist,"HypothesisTestData"] returns a HypothesisTestData object htd that can be used to extract additional test results and properties using the form htd["property"].
  • Properties related to the data distribution include:
  • "FittedDistribution"fitted distribution of data
    "FittedDistributionParameters"distribution parameters of data
  • The following options can be given:
  • MethodAutomaticthe method to use for computing -values
    SignificanceLevel0.05cutoff for diagnostics and reporting
  • For a test for goodness of fit, a cutoff is chosen such that is rejected only if . The value of used for the "TestConclusion" and "ShortTestConclusion" properties is controlled by the SignificanceLevel option. By default, is set to 0.05.
  • With the setting Method->"MonteCarlo", datasets of the same length as the input si are generated under using the fitted distribution. The EmpiricalDistribution from DistributionFitTest[si,dist,{"TestStatistic",test}] is then used to estimate the -value.


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Basic Examples  (3)

Test some data for normality:

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Create a HypothesisTestData object for further property extraction:

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The full test table:

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Compare the histogram of the data to the PDF of the test distribution:

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Test the fit of a set of data to a particular distribution:

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Extract the AndersonDarling test table:

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Verify the test results with ProbabilityPlot:

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Test data for goodness of fit to a multivariate distribution:

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Plot the marginal PDFs of the test distribution against the data to confirm the test results:

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Scope  (21)

Options  (6)

Applications  (12)

Properties & Relations  (16)

Possible Issues  (5)

Neat Examples  (1)

Introduced in 2010
Updated in 2015