tests whether data is normally distributed using the Pearson test.


tests whether data is distributed according to dist using the Pearson test.


returns the value of "property".

Details and Options

  • PearsonChiSquareTest performs the Pearson goodness-of-fit test with null hypothesis that data was drawn from a population with distribution dist, and alternative hypothesis that it was not.
  • By default, a probability value or -value is returned.
  • A small -value suggests that it is unlikely that the data came from dist.
  • The dist can be any symbolic distribution with numeric and symbolic parameters or a dataset.
  • The data can be univariate {x1,x2,} or multivariate {{x1,y1,},{x2,y2,},}.
  • The Pearson test effectively compares a histogram of data to a theoretical histogram based on dist. The bins are chosen to have equal probability in dist. »
  • For univariate data, the test statistic is given by , where and are the observed and expected counts for the ^(th) histogram bin, respectively.
  • For multivariate tests, the sum of the univariate marginal -values is used and is assumed to follow a UniformSumDistribution under .
  • PearsonChiSquareTest[data,dist,"HypothesisTestData"] returns a HypothesisTestData object htd that can be used to extract additional test results and properties using the form htd["property"].
  • PearsonChiSquareTest[data,dist,"property"] can be used to directly give the value of "property".
  • Properties related to the reporting of test results include:
  • "DegreesOfFreedom"the degrees of freedom used in a test
    "PValueTable"formatted version of "PValue"
    "ShortTestConclusion"a short description of the conclusion of a test
    "TestConclusion"a description of the conclusion of a test
    "TestData"test statistic and -value
    "TestDataTable"formatted version of "TestData"
    "TestStatistic"test statistic
    "TestStatisticTable"formatted "TestStatistic"
  • The following properties are independent of which test is being performed.
  • Properties related to the data distribution include:
  • "FittedDistribution"fitted distribution of data
    "FittedDistributionParameters"distribution parameters of data
  • The following options can be given:
  • MethodAutomaticthe method to use for computing -values
    SignificanceLevel0.05cutoff for diagnostics and reporting
  • For a test for goodness of fit, a cutoff is chosen such that is rejected only if . The value of used for the "TestConclusion" and "ShortTestConclusion" properties is controlled by the SignificanceLevel option. By default, is set to 0.05.
  • With the setting Method->"MonteCarlo", datasets of the same length as the input are generated under using the fitted distribution. The EmpiricalDistribution from PearsonChiSquareTest[si,dist,"TestStatistic"] is then used to estimate the -value.


open all close all

Basic Examples  (4)

Perform the Pearson test for normality:

Click for copyable input
Click for copyable input

Test the fit of some data to a particular distribution:

Click for copyable input
Click for copyable input

Compare the distributions of two datasets:

Click for copyable input
Click for copyable input
Click for copyable input

Extract the test statistic from the Pearson test:

Click for copyable input
Click for copyable input

Scope  (9)

Options  (3)

Applications  (2)

Properties & Relations  (10)

Neat Examples  (1)

Introduced in 2010