opens the specified file, URL, or other target with the associated program on your computer system.

Details and Options

  • SystemOpen sends its target to the operating system, which then opens it using its default application for the target type given.
  • URLs and URIs must include explicit http:, mailto:, ftp:, etc. prefixes.
  • SystemOpen[File["file"]] and SystemOpen[URL["url"]] are also supported.
  • SystemOpen["file"] is essentially equivalent to double-clicking the file icon in your operating system.
  • SystemOpen["file"] searches for the specified file in the directories given in $Path.
  • SystemOpen["file"] returns $Failed if the specified file does not exist.


open allclose all

Basic Examples  (1)

Open the Wolfram Research home page in a web browser:

Scope  (1)

Open an image file in the default system image viewer:

Properties & Relations  (1)

SystemOpen returns $Failed if the operating system cannot open the resource:

Wolfram Research (2008), SystemOpen, Wolfram Language function, (updated 2016).


Wolfram Research (2008), SystemOpen, Wolfram Language function, (updated 2016).


@misc{reference.wolfram_2021_systemopen, author="Wolfram Research", title="{SystemOpen}", year="2016", howpublished="\url{}", note=[Accessed: 25-June-2021 ]}


@online{reference.wolfram_2021_systemopen, organization={Wolfram Research}, title={SystemOpen}, year={2016}, url={}, note=[Accessed: 25-June-2021 ]}


Wolfram Language. 2008. "SystemOpen." Wolfram Language & System Documentation Center. Wolfram Research. Last Modified 2016.


Wolfram Language. (2008). SystemOpen. Wolfram Language & System Documentation Center. Retrieved from