is an object that represents an open notebook in the front end.


  • NotebookObject expressions are typically generated by kernel commands such as InputNotebook, EvaluationNotebook, and Notebooks.
  • fe is a FrontEndObject that specifies the front end in which the notebook is open.
  • id is an integer that gives a unique serial number for this open notebook.
  • In StandardForm and OutputForm, notebook objects are printed so as to indicate the current title of the window that would be used to display the notebook.
  • Functions such as NotebookPrint and NotebookClose take NotebookObject as their argument.
  • Within any open notebook, there is always a current selection. The current selection can be modified by applying functions such as SelectionMove to NotebookObject.
  • A NotebookObject is permanently invalid after a notebook is closed, even if that notebook is reopened.
  • Information for a NotebookObject may include the following properties:
  • "WindowTitle"notebook's window title
    "MemoryModificationTime"modification time stamp
    "ModifiedInMemory"whether the notebook has been modified since last save
    "StorageSystem"storage location for notebook
    "DocumentType"notebook type
    "MIMEType"application MIME type


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Basic Examples  (1)

Functions that create notebooks return NotebookObject expressions:

Functions that act on notebooks take a notebook object as an argument:

Retitling a notebook changes the way the NotebookObject expression is displayed:

The NotebookObject expression itself has not changed:

Scope  (2)

There are several ways to obtain a NotebookObject:

Open a notebook from a file:

Use the NotebookObject to refer to the notebook in notebook operations:

Read selected data from the notebook:

Set options for the notebook:

Set options for the selected cell:

Insert new material into the notebook:

Save the notebook:

Close the notebook and delete the temporary file:

Properties & Relations  (1)

Turn a Notebook expression into a NotebookObject:

Turn a NotebookObject into a Notebook expression:

Possible Issues  (1)

After a notebook has been closed, the NotebookObject can no longer be manipulated:

Introduced in 1996
Updated in 1999