NArgMax

NArgMax[f,x]

gives a position xmax at which f is numerically maximized.

NArgMax[f,{x,y,}]

gives a position {xmax,ymax,} at which f is numerically maximized.

NArgMax[{f,cons},{x,y,}]

gives a position at which f is numerically maximized subject to the constraints cons.

NArgMax[,xreg]

constrains x to be in the region reg.

Details and Options

  • NArgMax returns a list of the form {xmin,ymin,}.
  • NArgMax[,{x,y,}] is effectively equivalent to {x,y,}/.Last[NMaximize[,{x,y,},].
  • cons can contain equations, inequalities, or logical combinations of these.
  • The constraints cons can be any logical combination of:
  • lhs==rhsequations
    lhs>rhs or lhs>=rhs inequalities
    {x,y,}regregion specification
  • NArgMax[{f,cons},xreg] is effectively equivalent to NArgMax[{f,consxreg},x].
  • For xreg, the different coordinates can be referred to using Indexed[x,i].
  • NArgMax always attempts to find a global maximum of f subject to the constraints given.
  • By default, all variables are assumed to be real.
  • xIntegers can be used to specify that a variable can take on only integer values.
  • If f and cons are linear, NArgMax can always find global maxima, over both real and integer values.
  • Otherwise, NArgMax may sometimes find only a local maximum.
  • If NArgMax determines that the constraints cannot be satisfied, it returns {Indeterminate,}.
  • NArgMax takes the same options as NMaximize.

Examples

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Basic Examples  (4)

Find a maximizer point for a univariate function:

Find a maximizer point for a multivariate function:

Find a maximizer point for a function subject to constraints:

Find a maximizer point for a function over a geometric region:

Plot it:

Scope  (9)

Or constraints can be specified:

Use NArgMax for linear objective and constraints:

Integer constraints can be imposed:

Maximize over a region:

Plot it:

Find points in two regions realizing the maximum distance:

Plot it:

Find the maximum such that the rectangle and ellipse still intersect:

Plot it:

Find the maximum for which contains the given three points:

Plot it:

Use to specify that is a vector in :

Find points in two regions realizing the maximum distance:

Plot it:

Applications  (1)

Find the lengths of sides of a unit perimeter rectangle with the maximal area:

Properties & Relations  (1)

NMaximize gives both the value of the maximum and the maximizer point:

NArgMax gives the maximizer point:

NMaxValue gives the maximum:

Possible Issues  (2)

The objective function may be unbounded:

There may be no points satisfying the constraints:

Introduced in 2008
 (7.0)
 |
Updated in 2014
 (10.0)