The Laplace transform of this Bessel function just involves elementary functions:
Laplace transforms have the property that they turn integration and differentiation into essentially algebraic operations. They are therefore commonly used in studying systems governed by differential equations.
Integration becomes multiplication by when one does a Laplace transform:
In the Wolfram Language the Fourier transform of a function is by default defined to be . The inverse Fourier transform of is similarly defined as .
In different scientific and technical fields different conventions are often used for defining Fourier transforms. The option FourierParameters in the Wolfram Language allows you to choose any of these conventions you want.
In some applications of Fourier transforms, it is convenient to avoid ever introducing complex exponentials. Fourier sine and cosine transforms correspond to integrating respectively with and instead of , and using limits 0 and rather than and .
Here are the Fourier sine and cosine transforms of :
The Z transform of a function is given by . The inverse Z transform of is given by the contour integral . Z transforms are effectively discrete analogs of Laplace transforms. They are widely used for solving difference equations, especially in digital signal processing and control theory. They can be thought of as producing generating functions, of the kind commonly used in combinatorics and number theory.
This computes the Z transform of :
Here is the inverse Z transform:
The generating function for is an exponential function: