AnatomyPlot3D

AnatomyPlot3D[primitives,options]

represents a three-dimensional graphical image that works with anatomical entities as well as standard 3D graphics primitives and directives.

Details and Options

  • Using AnatomyPlot3D requires internet connectivity.
  • AnatomyPlot3D allows standalone anatomical entities to represent annotated 3D primitives, substituting the "Graphics3D" property of the entity.
  • Entities that appear inside of primitives act as coordinate specifiers, substituting the "RegionCentroid" of the entity.
  • AnatomyPlot3D is displayed in StandardForm as a graphical image.
  • PlotRange can be specified using anatomical entities, substituting the "RegionBounds" of the entity.
  • Coordinate values of the human and animal anatomical entities correspond to an average adult human male and average adult animal, respectively, measured in millimeters.
  • AnatomyPlot3D uses the same directives as Graphics3D, with the following addition:
  • AnatomyStyling[directives]anatomical entities are to be drawn using the specified graphics directives
  • AnatomyPlot3D has the same options as Graphics3D, with the following additions and changes:
  • BoxedFalsewhether to draw the bounding box
    Lighting"Neutral"simulated light sources to use
    PlotTheme$PlotThemeoverall theme for the plot
    AnatomySkinStyleNonestyle to be applied to automatically included nearest skin subparts
    ViewPoint{0,-1.9,0}viewing position
  • Anatomy base themes include:
  • "Business"a bold, modern design
    "Detailed"identify size using labeled axes and grid lines
    "Marketing"elegant design suitable for marketing needs
    "Minimal"flat shading with minimal detail
    "Monochrome"single-color design
    "Scientific"individually colored parts identified by tooltip
    "Web"bright shading and color suitable for web
    "Classic"historical dark coloring
  • Anatomy feature themes include:
  • "Transparent"gray transparency
    {"Transparent",color}color transparency
    "Vintage"sepia-toned illustrative design
    "XRay"gray transparency with bone emphasis
  • Anatomy color feature themes include individually colored parts identified by tooltip:
  • "BoldColor"12 bold colors
    "CoolColor"8 cool colors
    "DarkColor"8 dark colors
    "NeonColor"8 neon colors
    "PastelColor"8 pastel colors
    "RoyalColor"8 royal colors
    "VibrantColor"10 vibrant colors
    "WarmColor"8 warm colors

Examples

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Basic Examples  (5)

Display basic entities:

Display complex entities:

Coloring and styling of entities:

Use a theme for stylized effects:

Use entities in arbitrary graphics primitives:

Scope  (11)

Coloring and Styling  (3)

You can color all entities one style:

The following example shows that intermediate structures like biceps brachii can be handled, even though they are made of smaller atomic components:

The following example shows that you can also style the lower-level atomic structures separately:

The following example shows that you can color all objects one color, with the exception of muscles (or any other entity), which are a different color:

With no arguments, AnatomyStyling behaves like FaceForm[]:

AnatomyStyling["Natural"] restores styles to their original state, ignoring earlier directives:

Primitives  (6)

Drawing a line involving entities:

Drawing an arrow involving entities:

Drawing a cuboid involving entities:

Drawing a sphere involving entities:

Drawing a cylinder involving entities:

Drawing a tube involving entities:

Labeling Subparts  (1)

Label subparts using text:

Cutting Layers  (1)

Apply a clipping plane to an anatomical structure:

Apply multiple clipping planes to an anatomical structure:

Options  (10)

AnatomySkinStyle  (3)

Automatically include the nearest skin subpart for anatomical structure entities:

The default styling can be overridden:

The default behavior is to not include any skin subparts:

Method  (3)

Tooltips are enabled by default, but they can be disabled by using "Tooltips":

Tooltips are disabled by default for some PlotTheme settings, but they can be enabled using "Tooltips":

By default, some structures may have white space around them:

White space around these 3D structures can be minimized using "ShrinkWrap":

Drawing the same structure twice can result in rendering problems, causing styles to be ignored and other side effects:

"RelieveDPZFighting" can often be used to partially avoid these problems:

PlotRange  (1)

Restrict the PlotRange to a specific entity with a padding of 50 mm:

PlotTheme  (2)

Classic textbook illustration:

Identify subparts by tooltip and individual color:

Illustrate with flat shading and minimal detail:

Historical sepia-toned illustration:

Transparent appearance with emphasis on the bones similar to an xray:

Highlight bones by combining the default bone color with the transparent theme:

SphericalRegion  (1)

By default, the rendered scene is centered at the center of the bounding box:

SphericalRegion can be used to recenter the scene around a specific scene element and constrain the view to the element's bounding sphere:

Applications  (1)

A more automated approach to labeling subparts can be obtained by making use of region properties of the anatomical structures:

Properties & Relations  (1)

The models used with AnatomyPlot3D are the same ones obtained from the "Graphics3D" property used in EntityValue:

The structure of the models includes an Annotation for each subpart that can be useful for labeling and other reference keeping:

Possible Issues  (1)

Drawing the same structure twice can result in rendering problems, causing styles to be ignored and other side effects:

"RelieveDPZFighting" can often be used to partially avoid these problems:

Although a better solution is not to draw the same structure twice, but modify the styles in place using AnatomyStyling:

Neat Examples  (4)

Use Overlay to place anatomical structures over a skin silhouette:

Control Opacity when locating subparts within a transparent structure:

Apply Rotate to anatomical structures:

Apply ClipPlanes to specific objects in the scene:

Introduced in 2016
 (11.0)
 |
Updated in 2017
 (11.2)
2019
 (12.0)